Most popular to recognize MIS and ERP from compari

2022-08-02
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At present, Chinese printing enterprises are changing from the technological development and transformation centered on hardware and product processing to the technological innovation and transformation centered on software and product chain. This change has not only triggered deep-seated changes in printing enterprises and their product production, service and management methods, but also brought many puzzles in the selection and application of new technologies to printing enterprises. Here the author takes MIS and ERP as the starting point to make a detailed description, with a view to enlightening your daily work

introduction

the selection and application of MIS or ERP is the most typical blind spot of printing enterprises at present. Let's start from understanding its connotation and find the key to solve the problem through comparison

1. Concept comparison

mis is the enterprise managementinformationsystems, which is based on information technology and provides information support for enterprise management and decision-making. MIS is characterized by establishing enterprise database, emphasizing data sharing, and planning and designing information system from a system point of view

erp, or enterpriseresourcesplanning, is developed on the basis of MRP (material demand planning) and MRP-II (enterprise production management and planning system). Its core is the production control management module for manufacturing industry. It can be used as a local MIS system in manufacturing enterprises that focuses on supply chain management, production management, inventory and shipment management

it can be seen that MIS and ERP are conceptually inclusive. MIS pays attention to the sharing of information and data, and pays more attention to the improvement of management level and the correctness of strategic decisions; ERP pays more attention to the control of local or production flow to solve the problems in specific production processes or production links in actual production. ERP can be regarded as one or several subsystems of MIS

2. System architecture comparison

mis is an information management system with three-tier pyramid structure. The bottom layer is the transaction processing system, which collects, stores, processes and transmits all the original data of the enterprise, and completes the transactional tasks of the daily business of each management department. The middle layer is a narrow management information system, which further processes the underlying transaction data to provide effective management control and coordination information for managers. The highest level is the decision support system, which provides the highest level of the enterprise with information related to major decision-making issues such as production, operation and finance according to the internal information of the lower two levels and in combination with external data

erp system is a production management system that emphasizes the interaction between logistics and capital flow, and it is a linear correlation system. For example, in the manufacturing industry, in view of the mass production and assembly line operation of products and the purchase of multiple varieties and batches of materials, the control panel is used to manage and monitor the inventory quantity. When it reaches the predetermined bottom line, it must be purchased and supplemented as soon as possible

it can be seen that the ERP system, while emphasizing the interaction between logistics and capital flow, focuses on how to reduce the redundancy of time, cost and personnel in the manufacturing process, how to optimize the organization of the process, and how to ensure the correct realization and smoothness of the process. The MIS system analyzes the state of the system from different levels such as information flow, control flow, management flow and value-added flow through hierarchical management, analyzes the causes and mechanisms of problems, puts forward improvement and optimization methods, and obtains new decision support to realize optimization

3. Application range comparison

any excellent information system is driven by logistics, capital flow, workflow and information flow. Among them, MIS system focuses more on promoting capital flow through information flow and workflow. It is suitable for project centered operation, high profit product fields with typical large capital flow characteristics, and more suitable for managing products with long production cycle, such as housing unit management and large equipment management in the real estate industry. ERP system management focuses on the interaction between product flow and process, and often wins by quantity. It is mainly oriented to industries or products with large profit margins, especially suitable for manufacturing industries

from the perspective of management content, the management scope of MIS system is broader. It needs to be fully considered that the enterprise can not participate in the market competition most effectively by relying on its own resources. Relevant parties in the business process (such as suppliers, sales networks, customers, markets, etc.) must be included in the system. The content managed by ERP system is more specific and targeted, focusing on the processing of a single internal resource centered on the production process or product manufacturing process. Although the concept of ERP is constantly updated and its connotation is constantly expanding, ERP is not an all inclusive and omnipotent complex huge system as stated in many publicity. This system without a clear scope will lead to the situation that all problems need to be solved, but all problems can not be solved well. Therefore, ERP users must pay attention to it

As we all know, quality determines survival, efficiency determines development, management determines scale, and value-added determines benefit. This is the No. 2 rule for the sustainable development of printing enterprises. It is very important to adopt innovative management means (such as ERP or MIS) to reconstruct the technology and products of modern printing enterprises around the theme of quality, efficiency, cost, and value-added

1. The products of printing enterprises have the characteristics of typical manufacturing industry. The key to the sustainable and healthy development of printing enterprises is to carry out technological innovation from the four aspects of data flow, control flow, management flow and value-added flow

at present, most domestic printing enterprises are still in the data flow stage: around the modern printing product chain, introduce and build advanced digital technology equipment and processes, express the data flow characteristics of digitalization, colorization of expression forms and individualization of product structure oriented to content, analyze the composition of product graphic data and its equipment working benchmark, optimize the methods in graphic acquisition, editing and processing, and realize the page content expression data The transmission and transformation of various process and management control data are smooth. Among them, the application of ERP management software to summarize the benchmark for the stable operation of equipment, break through the difficulties of digital proofing, obtain the law of point increase, find the creeping error and apply ink control data become the premise

for printing enterprises that already have good data flow and control flow, it is recommended that they combine the characteristics of production organization integration, quality standard standardization and process control digitalization to focus on the relationship and integration methods of various production factors, control factors, management factors and market elements based on product composition, so as to achieve quality premise, efficiency optimization and cost reduction, and eliminate the time Redundancy of costs and personnel; Focus on and build the digital color management platform, digital production platform and ERP production management platform, give full play to the interactive ability of ERP, improve the information management system on it, and gradually establish the decision support system, so that the printing enterprises can follow the scientific management method to achieve their own development; Realize the characteristics of digital content oriented resource, cross media communication mode and diversified product expression, take the content expressed in printed matter as a sustainable application resource, carry out all-round and in-depth development and utilization of content resources, closely combine various media forms with advantageous content resources, and integrate electronic media and network media to form a modern content industry expressed by new media, Through the digitalization of content, we can realize the cross media communication and application of content, and provide users with diversified products that meet their different needs and forms

for example, many years ago, Yachang predicted the competitive situation and low profit trend of the printing industry, took the initiative to abstract the traditional publishing content into digital media elements through the innovative idea of building a cultural industry, so that publishing can be said to be a key content resource, and reconstructed the single paper media publishing process into the production process of diversified products of paper media publishing, electronic media publishing and network media publishing, It has realized the transformation and innovation of the enterprise, dared to be the first in the industry, and led the new development of the printing industry

2. Application problems worthy of attention

in the manufacturing industry where ERP is widely used, it is a popular saying to go to ERP and die. For the printing industry with obvious manufacturing characteristics, the introduction of ERP has become a fashion, and has become one of the important means for many printing enterprises to get rid of the hat of low management level. However, how to get out of the cycle of waiting for death and seeking death needs to focus on the following issues

(1) when selecting the software category, especially the software function, it shall be subject to meeting the current and future development needs of the enterprise, fully considering the quality, level and conditions of the existing basic management personnel of the enterprise, and deleting the functions that are not very useful for enterprise management as far as possible according to the material damage after the experiment, so as to reduce the complexity of system use and maintenance

(2) carefully select the application conditions and practical requirements of the system. The business process of the printing industry is highly personalized. Both ERP system and MIS system have the requirements of unifying and standardizing the business process. It is necessary to prevent the so-called standardized management from reducing the management efficiency. After the application scope is expanded, enterprises also need to pay attention to the difficulty of secondary development of some functions

(3) carefully analyze the level of after-sales service and support of software service providers. After sales service includes various training, project management, implementation guidance, secondary development, customization and other work. It is necessary to require expert consultants who are familiar with the management of printing enterprises and have implementation experience to provide after-sales support to ensure the normal progress of the project. The first production line in the phase 1 project has been put into trial production and achieved benefits as soon as possible

(4) pay attention to providing stronger toughness, rubbing resistance, heat sealing performance, balanced shrinkage and good optical performance protection for the original resources of the printing enterprise, that is, the protection of the data and original hardware running on the original system must not be cut to fit the needs of the original system, so as to avoid major losses

(5) consider the service life, cycle, progressiveness, applicability and scalability of software products according to the long-term business strategy of printing enterprises, and continuously improve the management level according to the management information system to improve the product and market expansion ability

in a word, the understanding and cognition of MIS and ERP, especially the use of MIS or ERP to solve the management bottleneck of printing enterprises, and improving product quality and cost level are the core of the application of these software. However, good means must be based on good basic conditions, rather than buying a good tool can solve the chronic disease for many years. Therefore, only by establishing a good management mechanism and choosing a good tool can we really do something with half the effort

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